The Japanese external martial art based primarily on kicks, punches, hand strikes, foot sweeps, and a few throws. Karate is primarily an empty-handed martial art, with limited weapons training. The major styles of karate mentioned in this book are: (1) Japanese karate, primarily a hard style that concentrates equally on kicking and punching, its four major branches being Shotokan, Goju, Wado, and Shito; (2) Okinawan karate, an original form of karate based on training for raw physical power; (3) Shorin Ryu karate, a major Okinawan hard style based on short stances, low kicks, and power punches. It is one of the major antecedents of Shotokan karate; (4) Uechi Ryu karate, a major Okinawan hard style known for using muscular dynamic tension techniques in training; (5) Korean karate or tae kwon do, which emphasizes kicking (especially high kicks); historically originating from Northern Shaolin.

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I recently returned from a three week instructor training in a chi gung practice called “Gods Playing in the Clouds”. This intensive was held at Menlo College near San Francisco and I’d like to share some details about my experience.


Frank Iborra