Hsing-i chuan (Xing yi quan, Shing yi chuan), like bagua (ba guai, pakua) and tai chi, is a internal martial art. Each of the three internal martial arts has their own distinct characteristics and flavor.
The name hsing-i chuan is composed of three terms. Chuan translates as "fist." Hsing means "to form something." I, specifically in the word "hsing-i," refers to the ability of the mind to create an idea and project it into the body, creating a functional physical form. The term hsing-i, then can be looked at from two perspectives.
Hsing-i practitioners are military in approach--marching in straight lines with a powerful emphasis at the end of every technique on mentally and physically taking an enemy down. The obvious external attributes of punching and striking are inherent to the way hsing-i is practiced.
For many external martial artists NOT satisfied with the slow-motion form practice of tai chi, hsing-i done at normal speed fits the bill. A key feature of hsing-i is that it NEVER retreats.
Moreover, hidden within the apparently linear techniques of hsing-i is a significant amount of very small, almost unseen, complete circles that are normally lacking in external martial arts. Rather than using muscular tension or anger for power, hsing-i focuses instead on utilizing relaxation, chi (qi) and stillness of mind to accomplish the pragmatic goal of winning in a confrontation.
Hsing-i possesses either the same or similar primary goals as other more external fighting arts, such as karate or boxing, but also includes the chi (qi) work, health aspects and the ability to be martially effective into old age that most of the external martial arts lack.
The physical technique of hsing-i is based completely on efficient use of the neigongi internal power system; hence it is internally focused. Because of this, it is capable of making the weak strong and the sick healthy. However, its primary mindset is still the aggressive one of Shaolin karate or boxing.
Hsing-i has five corresponding forms/fists that are each linked to the five elements. Hsing-i first form/fist is called Pi Chuan (translated as chopping/cutting fist). Pi Chuan associated with the Metal Elementi.The other four fists are: Tsuan Chuan (drilling fist) associated with the Water Element; Beng Chuan (crushing Fist) associated with the Wood Element; Pao Chuan (pounding fist) associated with the Fire Element; and Heng Chuan (crossing fist) associated with the Earth Elementi.
Hsing-i chuan also has 12 animals forms that are linked to the martial applications.
Energy Arts teachs hsing-i five elements for both martial arts and also as a health/chi building exercise.
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