Tai Chi Secret #1
The first tai chi secret is that choosing the appropriate tai chi style for your goals is very important. In fact choosing a tai chi style is one of the most important decisions you’ll make/or don’t make on your journey to learn tai chi. Not ‘consciously’ choosing would be like attending a university and not caring what degree you studied.
For most of the public, tai chi is just one subject, much like a subject area like math or literature. Yet to the more experienced tai chi practioner there are many style of tai chi and choosing the right style is a very important thing to consider before you begin. Now you may luck out and study a style that matches your goals; then again you may not resulting in frustration or even worse injury.
So in this post I am going to review the main styles and go over what tai chi styles are best for different goals and age groups. And don’t worry, even if you already are practicing a certain tai chi style it helps a lot to know the differences because at some point you may also benefit greatly from learning another tai chi style or at least you can be more informed about the specific tai chi style that you are practicing.
Essentially, it should first be pointed out that all tai chi styles have far more in common with each other than they have differences. All tai chi styles improve health, reduce stress and help you move more gracefully. All tai chi styles develop chi and use slow-motion, ﬂowing, circular movements. For most practicioners, they choose a tai chi style based on the quality of the teacher where they live, the convenience of the school and other personal factors. Knowing about the tai chi styles upgrades your tai chi knowledge and guides you to make the right choices in the future.
Tai Chi’s Five Major Styles: Which Style Is Best for You?
Each tai chi style has a different syllabus, structure and ﬂavor as regards how its speciﬁc tai chi techniques are applied. All ﬁve tai chi styles can potentially give you tai chi’s health beneﬁts.
Four of tai chi’s ﬁve major styles—all except the combination tai chi styles—derive their name from the founder’s surname. The Chinese talk about the tai chi of the Yang Family, Wu Family, Chen Family and Hao Family.
Each tai chi style takes a different approach toward the movements of their forms and each tai chi style has many variations or schools. Each tai chi school is composed of practitioners who follow speciﬁc leaders or teachers within the tai chi style. Each tai chi school generally emphasizes a speciﬁc approach to the art: their tai chi forms may have recognizable stylistic differences, trademark movements or develop speciﬁc self-defense training skills. Let’s look that the five major tai chi styles:
The Yang Tai Chi Style
The Yang style is the most popular and widely practiced tai chi style worldwide. In England and America at least 20 main variations of the Yang tai chi style exist and in China there are even more. The various schools originated from the approach of a speciﬁc tai chi master or from a particular geographic region within China. Each variation has a distinct ﬂavor, looks different from the others to a greater or lesser degree and may emphasize different technical points. All, however, will be called Yang style tai chi.
The Wu Tai Chi Style
The Wu tai chi style is the second most popular tai chi style. It has three main variations with strong stylistic differences that derived from the founder, Chuan You, his son, Wu Jien Chuan and his grandchildren.
The Wu tai chi style was created directly from the Yang tai chi style and as such is the largest variant of the Yang style. However, unlike most traditions in the Yang tai chi style, most Wu tai chi schools emphasize small, compact movements over large and medium-sized ones. The Yang and Wu tai chi styles, with all their variations, encompass the vast majority (80 percent or more) of all tai chi practitioners.
The Chen Tai Chi Style
The Chen tai chi style (villiage) is the original style of tai chi from which the Yang tai chi style was created. It is relatively hard to ﬁnd Chen tai chi style teachers and adherents account for about one percent of all tai chi practitioners.
Unlike most tai chi not all the movements of the Chen tai chi style’s ﬁrst level of training are done in slow motion. The Chen tai chi style alternates slow-motion movements with short, fast, explosive ones. It demands more physical coordination and may strain the lower back and knees more than other styles; consequently Chen style tai chi is difﬁcult for the elderly or injured to learn. The complexity of the Chen style tai chi movements, which include fast releases combined with jumping kicks and stamping actions, makes the Chen tai chi style more athletic and physically difﬁcult than most other tai chi styles and, as such, is often more appealing to young people.
The Hao Tai Chi Style
The Hao tai chi style is exceedingly rare in China and almost non-existent in the West. The Hao tai chi style is characterized by small frame movements that are extremely small. Hao tai chi style’s primary focus is on tai chi’s more internal chi movements with physical motions being much less important. As such it is considered an advanced tai chi style that is hard to appreciate for practitioners without signiﬁcant background knowledge of tai chi.
Combination Tai Chi Styles
Combination tai chi styles are the third most popular styles after the Yang and Wu tai chi styles. These tai chi styles freely mix and match movements from the four other tai chi styles as well as movements from other internal martial arts styles, such as bagua and hsing-i.